Martyrdom of Elder Sahibzadas - Passage from Panth Prakhash

8:30 PM

Episode 19: Martyrdom of the Elder Sahibzadas - The Battle of Chamkaur
(Vade Sahibzadian di shahidi - chamkaur judh)
Pracheen Panth Prakash , written by Rattan Singh Bhangoo (in 1809)

Note: According to Baba Santha Singh Ji's Steek on Panth Prakash the author of Panth Prakhash has made a mistake in regards with the names.

Ajit Singh Ji should replace the name Jujhar Singh Ji and the name Jujhar Singh Ji should replace the name Zorawar Singh.

(for reference look at Pracheen Panth Prakhash Steek Baba Santha Singh Ji, first volume, page 154)

Catching hold of the feudal owner of the Mansion from outside,
They ordered him to open the entrance to the Mansion.
While the Guru along with a few Singhs, entered into the structure,
The two elder Sahibzadas also acommpanied the Guru. (1)


Then the Muslim forces of Malkerkotla State surrounded the place,
Which had not a grain of cereals in its pantry for its occupants.
It was not a suitable place for any kind of military operations,
As the surrounding enemy forces tried to climb up the mud-walls. (2)

The Khalsa encourtered their attack with the weapons,
Which they could save and bring along from earlier skirmishes.
When the Malerkotla Pathan soldiers were repulsed and beaten back,
Then the forces of Nahar Khan launched an attack on them. (3)

He had been continuously on the trail of Guru Gobind Singh,
As he had been bragging about his desire to reach the Guru and kill him.
Satguru challenged this bragging warrior in a loud voice,
That he should get ready to face the Guru's shooting arrow. (4)

The Guru's arrow hit his chest after piercing through the iron shield,
And went across his body to the other side.
He fell down on the ground staggering and stumbling,
As his companions fled after picking up his dead body. (5)


Those soldiers who had come under Nahar Khan's command,
The Khalsa Singhs killed majority of them as well.
Some of them were killed by the Guru, some by the Khalsa,
While others were killed by two Sahibzadas of the Guru (6)

This news of Nahar Khan's death soon reached his brother,
Khwaja Khaizar, who proclaimed himself to be a brave warrior.
He advanced towards Chamkaur like an enraged elephant,
But turned bloodless pale as he spotted his brother's dead body. (7)

As he encountered the brave lion-hearted Satguru,
He lost his nerve and rushed to find a cover behind the wall.
Satguru challenged and provoked him to the hilt,
That he should fight an open duel with Satguru (8)

He lost his wits and all his bravado completely,
As he faced a shower of arrows shot by Satguru.
While he kept himself hidden behind the wall,
And ordered his subordinates to attack and get injured. (9)

Then Wazir Khan, arrived at the scene soon after,
And tried to launch another attack on the sieged fortress.
The forces of Hill chiefs also joined the attacking force,
And tried their best to overpower the besieged Singhs. (10)

ALl the combined forces of Mughals and Hill chiefs tried their military might,
But failed to break into the besieged Mud fortress of Chamkaur.
Laying a cordon, they picketed their troops round the fortress,
After suffering heavy causalities among their troops. (11)

The situation inside the Mud fortress is also worth consideration,
As there was not an ouce of food available inside the fortress.
The out mud wall of the fortress was constructed in such a way,
That there were no gaps or holes provided through the wall. (12)

Neither a soldier could shoot his arrows or shots,
Nor could take a cover behind the wall to protect himself.
First, there was no food available to be cooked and consumed.
Second there was no time to eat even if the food had been available. (13)

Neither there was any ammunition or armour left in the arsenal,
Nor were there any arrows left in the Singhs' quivers.
There was not a drop of water available for the sick and the injured,
So desperate had the situation become for the besieged Singhs. (14)

Prolonged continuous fighting had exhausted their muscular arms,
And sapped all the energy from their fatigued bodies.
Even then the brave Singhs did not lose their nerve,
And rushed to defend where the offensive was the most intense. (15)

Guru Gobind Singh, then confabulated with his Singhs,
That they had not been left with any ammunition or armour.
Now they should do patrolling with their swords,
Aroud the fortress of their sheltered refuge. (16)

Accepting the directions given by the Guru to them,
The Singhs came out to keep a vigil in the formations of two at a time.
When the first pair perished, the other two replaced them,
This was the strategy they adopted at that moment. (17)

When a large number of Singhs died during this outside patrolling,
The Guru was left with a very small number of soldiers.
Then the Guru stopped them from going out on patrolling,
And positioned them behind the walls with their swords. (18)

The surrounding Mughal forces also made a correct assessment,
That the besieged Singhs had run short of arms and ammunition.
So they raied the structure from all directions,
Raising a lot of hue and cry as they attacked from all sides. (19)

As some were foot soldiers, others mounted on horses among the raiders,
There was a lot of din, dust and smoke as they raied the place.
Using step ladders, they gripped the wall tops with their hands,
But the sheltered Singhs sliced their hands and threw them down. (20)

As they kept on climbing up and gripping the walls from all sides,
The sheltered Singhs kept on slicing their hands on the walls.
As they could not succeed in their strategy of raiding,
They kept on falling down and falliong down on the earth. (21)

Whatever some odd bullet was left with the Singhs,
They pumped it into those who came quite close to them.
In this way, the Singhs shot them down in one or twos,
And the whole place was filled with piles of their dead bodies. (22)

When such a din, noise and chaos raged there,
Sahibzada Jujhar Singh took a silent vow in his mind:
That it was not worth while to live or exist like a silent spectator.
Why should a son remain alive when his father was facing death? (23)

Abhimanyu had sacrificed his life for the sake of his father, Arjuna.
And so had Meghnath (inderjit) died for his father, Ravana.
This had been the great tradition among the Khshrtriyas (warriors)
That a son sacrifices his life before his father dies. (24)

So Sahibzada Jujhar Singh rushed out with his sword,
And killed everyone who dared to confront him.
To whichever flank he rushed, it became deserted,
As if a large force had launched an attack. (25)

In the midst of such a din, dust and chaos there,
It was difficult to distinguish between a friend and a foe.
In the minds of such a hue and cry over there,
There was a lot of loss of lives on both sides. (26)

After slaughtering a large number of Mughal soldiers,
Sahibzada Jujhar Singh attained the martyrdom himself.
Immediately after his martyrdom it was the turn of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh,
Who also jumped into the fray like a lion following his brother's example. (27)

Unable to bear the sight of his elder brother's torture,
Sahibzada Zorawar Singh followed his footsteps with a sword (double-edged sword, word used was Khanda)
Using the similar weapons as used by his elder brother,
He slaughtered all those who dared to confront him. (28)

Hitting some with his shield, some with his sword (word used was bhagauti),
Whosoever he touched with his weapon, he was slaughtered.
Since nobody dared to face and confront him alone,
He was shot dead by a hail of enemy bullets. (29)

Both the brothers died like brave warriors,
And attained martyrdom along with the Pathans.
It was in teh year of seventeen hundred and sixty two (bikrami calender, which is 1705 CE)
That both the elder sons of the Guru attained martyrdom. (30)

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